Reported speech (or indirect speech) refers to the act of reporting something that was said, but not using exactly the same words. Pay attention to the example below:
There are many other verbs you can use besides said when reporting a sentence. For example: admitted, asked, begged, complained, denied, invited, offered, promised, replied, suggested, told.
As a rule, when you report something someone has said you go back a tense. Check the table:
Some modal verbs also change:
If the reported sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it as well:
Pay attention now to the following three examples. They show you the changes you have to make when reporting a statement, a question or an order.